Wednesday, July 23, 2014




One is a knockout gorgeous woman. Another is a former judge. There are innocent-looking 20-somethings and haggard-looking old men and women aged byond their years. White people and people of color are among them.


 

ABOUT THE SERIES

A three-part series beginning today by Civitas Media puts a face on the growing problems of heroin addiction. Utilizing the resources of around 100 Civitas newspapers in 12 states, the series brings you into the battles being fought by addicts, their family members, law enforcement and health officials.

Day 1: Faces of Heroin: A demon knocks on the doors of America.

Day 2: “Shattered Lives:” Those whose lives have been stung by addiction; those who deal the drug.

Day 3: Success Stories: Treating, beating the epidemic.


CORE VALUES

Jul 21

The new 'Common Core' is changing how our schools teach
What should kids learn and how should they learn it?Ask any three teachers and you'll get a wide range of answers.

ALL ABOUT

HEROIN

Street names:
 • H, smack, horse, brown, black tar

 

What it is:

Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. Heroin’s popularity is attributed to its long-lasting high and its cheap price.
 
Who is taking it?

Heroin has no boundaries. The drug has trapped wealthy and poor people, city folks and rural residents, women and men, white people and minorities. Many users turn to heroin after getting hooked on prescription pills that they no longer are able to obtain from doctors. Others seek heroin after their tolerance for powerful prescription pills reaches a plateau, or the high from prescription pills becomes too expensive to maintain.

 
Return of heroin
The same drug cartels that distribute cocaine and meth have diversified their markets into heroin distribution. During the 1990s, crack and cocaine were the drugs of choice, with methamphetamine growing in popularity by the end of the1990s and still a major problem today. Heroin started re-emerging in the mid-2000s.

Where is it coming from?
    •    Afghanistan is the biggest producer of heroin, with 3.3 million Afghans involved in producing opium. Afghanistan is part of a region known as the Golden Triangle, which also includes portions of Southeast Asia, the Yunnan province in China, Thailand, Vietnam and Laos.
    •    Mexico and Columbia: Production has risen sixfold from 2007 to 2011, placing Mexico as the second largest opium producer in the world. Mexican cartels are known to produce a type of illicit heroin commonly called black tar, which results in quicker synthesis. This black tar heroin is found primarily in the western U.S. while “white heroin” comes from Colombia and primarily sold on the East Coast.
  
How does a person take heroin?
 
   •    Injection
    •    Smoking
    •    Oral
    •    Suppository
    •    Snorting
    •    Ingestion

Signs and Symptoms of Abuse

While signs and symptoms of abuse may vary from person to person, most people exhibit certain symptoms and behavior indicative of an abuse problem. Signs of heroin abuse include:

·         Behavioral changes

·         Hyperactivity followed by fatigue

·         Disorientation

·         Irresponsibility at work or school

·         Lying

·         Wearing long shirts and pants even during warm weather

·         Increased sleeping

·         Slurred speech

·         Track marks on arms or legs

·         Weight loss

·         Constant runny nose

·         Scabs or bruises due to picking at the skin

 


Short-term effects

Immediately after taking heroin, many users feel a “rushing” sensation of the drug entering the brain. Many people seek out heroin due to the quickness at which the drug enters the brain. Certain users of the drug also report the following effects after taking the drug:

·         Nausea

·         Vomiting

·         Heavy extremities

·         Dry mouth

·         Severe itching

 

Long-term effects

Many individuals with a heroin problem will experience long-term effects, including:

  • Infection of the heart valves and heart lining
  • Liver disease
  • Abscesses and skin infections
  • Collapsed veins
  • Scarred veins
  • Disease of the kidneys
  • Increased chances of overdosing
  • Increased chance of contracting chronic diseases
  • Increased chance of contracting viruses such as HIV

Why so many deaths?

When a user takes heroin, he or she is not 100 percent sure what they are receiving. Heroin is very potent and the drug is mixed with other compounds multiple times before it reaches users. Thus, it is difficult for users to know how much pure drug they have taken.

 

Need help overcoming addiction?

1-888-905-4415

Coalition Against Drug Abuse

Sources: Coalition against Drug Abuse; U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, Foundation for Drug Free World, LiveScience.com

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